Thursday, February 2, 2017
#BlackHistoryMonth MOMENT: #FrancesCressWelsing- Origins of White Supremacy Culture [details]
Frances Cress Welsing (born Frances Luella Cress; March 18, 1935 – January 2, 2016) was an afrocentrist psychiatrist. Her 1970 essay, The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation and Racism (White Supremacy), offered her interpretation on the origins of white supremacy culture. She was the author of The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors (1991).
Welsing was born Frances Luella Cress in Chicago, Illinois on March 18, 1935. Her father, Henry N. Cress was a physician, and her mother, Ida Mae Griffen, was a teacher. In 1957, she earned a B.S. degree at Antioch College and in 1962 received a M.D. at Howard University. In the 1960s, Welsing moved to Washington, D.C. and worked at many hospitals, especially children’s hospitals.
Her analysis of the impact of White supremacy was trenchant, hard-hitting and consistent. But like other scholars and “activists” in the Black community who knew Welsing and studied her work, I saw her as an unswerving champion for African Americans and lover of humanity.
Born in Chicago to a physician and an educator, Welsing was trained in the liberal arts at Antioch College and in medicine at Howard University College of Medicine, where she would eventually serve as faculty. A long-standing private practitioner and pioneer in the fields of child psychiatry and mental health, her longest institutional affiliation was as the Clinical Director and Staff Physician with the Washington D.C. Department of Human Services, where she charted policy and strategies to help emotionally disturbed children at the Hillcrest Children’s Center and the Paul Robeson School for Growth and Development.
Welsing’s work on improving the mental health of African Americans led to a career in the field of race and cultural analysis. The Cress Theory was influenced by the ideas of a Washington, DC acquaintance named Neely Fuller, Jr., and explored the thesis that racism, aggression and hostility stems from White fear of genetic annihilation in an overwhelmingly non-White world. Fuller and Welsing contended that all of modern global relations were affected by White supremacist ideology and symbology, which they further grouped into nine categories of human activity: economics, education, entertainment, labor, law, politics, religion, sex and war.
BLACK HISTORY is ALL OF OUR HISTORY! EMBRACE it, LEARN IT, LIVE IT!!